The 21 most commonly used antidepressants in the world are more effective than placebo for the short-term treatment of major depression in adults, shows a large international study. The effectiveness of treatment ranges from mild to moderate, depending on the type of medication.
The authors of this meta-analysis believe that their results settle once and for all the question of the effectiveness of antidepressants.
The data from 522 studies involving 116,477 people were employed in this work published in the journal The Lancet(in English) , which still show large differences in the effectiveness of each drug.
Currently, pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments are available, but due to lack of resources, antidepressants are used more frequently than psychological interventions. However, their effectiveness is not unanimous.
Did you know?
- As many as 350 million people are currently suffering from depression.
- In Canada, about 11% of men and 16% of women experience major depression in their lifetime.
- The costs associated with mental illnesses reach $ 50 billion annually in Canada.
In their study, researchers analyzed randomized controlled trials comparing drugs against depression with each other or with placebo. They then contacted pharmaceutical companies, study writers and regulators to complete their work. They also compiled data from unpublished studies.
In addition, the study found that treatments were more effective in a proportion of one-third more effective than placebo more than twice as effective.
The question of whether antidepressants really work was still a problem. Some studies have shown that there is no difference between placebo and the drug. But this meta-analysis of more than 500 studies clearly shows that these drugs work.